Claude Lorrain painted in the mid-1600s, in the Baroque era. He is notable for being the earliest, most significant artist to focus almost exclusively on landscapes, and painted evolved scenes of this genre that presaged the Romantic movements of the following centuries. Lorrain's landscapes are often made "history paintings" by the addition of a few small figures, often drawn from the Bible or from classical mythology. His style, featuring mythological settings and architecture heavily, is Classical. Artists of the 19th century Hudson River School, especially, echo his style in their glowing, mythical landscapes of America.

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